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Ayurveda Complete Guide
Ayurveda is a Sanskrit term for “knowledge of longevity.” It is the earliest health care system of India beginning over 5,000 years ago. Ayurveda (pronounced I‐your‐vay‐da) was cognized by the ancient yogis from deep states of meditation and taught in an oral tradition from teacher to student.
As the essentials of Ayurveda were passed down through the generation’s three main texts emerged overtime:
- Charaka Samhita (1st century AD, internal medicine)
- Susruta Samhita ( 4‐5 century BC, surgery)
- Ashtanga Hridayam Samhita (written 8th century AD)
The Charaka Samhita is the leading resource in regard to the depth
and extent of its contents. Charaka is considered an exceptional author among the writers of the classical Indian medical texts even today.
Other minor works can also be found:
- Madhava Nidanam Samhita – (700 A.D.)
- Chakradatta – (10th century A.D.)
- Sarngadhara Samhita – (15th century A.D.)
- Bhavaprakasa Samhita (16th century A.D.)
Different facets of Ayurveda:
1. Spiritual Ayurveda –
Ayurveda has its roots deep in spirituality.
Ayurveda tells us the very purpose of life, about the karma, why we take birth, various theories about the formation of this entire universe and the simple and humble ways of human existence.
- The origin of Ayurveda was to help people live long so as to follow righteous path.
- Many diseases like skin disorders are said to be caused due to sin.
- In the Ayurvedic treatment of many diseases, like in selected types of fever, spiritual practices have been mentioned.
- In every ancient Ayurvedic text book, there is a separate chapter dedicated to righteous living.
- It is a well-known fact in Ayurveda that, as long as one is not mentally and spiritually healthy, his/her overall ‘health aspect’ is incomplete.
- Even in understanding health and disease, ancient Ayurveda scientists used to acquire the sacred knowledge of Ayurveda about health and disease through spirituality. Example: Sushruta used to do dissection of dead bodies to understand the anatomy and physiology of body thousands of years ago. He writes in a context – “The parts of body that can be seen through naked eyes are less, those that cannot be seen are infinite. The knowledge of those unseen parts can only be had by the eyes of meditation and eyes of knowledge!”
2. Holistic Ayurveda
The health science that gave the concept of holistic approach to health and disease is Ayurveda.
In Ayurvedic treatment, Ayurveda gives importance to,
- Strength of the disease,
- Strength of the patient’s body
- Dosha body type of the patient
- Mental condition of the patient
- While treating a patient, Ayurveda not only concentrates on getting rid of the disease process or breaking the disease pathology, but puts light on overall recovery of all the aspects of health – spiritual, mental and physical.
If you open any Ayurveda book, the first few chapters are dedicated to explain how your daily routine should be, how your seasonal routine and rituals should be, techniques to secure and maintain good health etc.
There are two aims of Ayurveda.
1. To maintain the health of the healthy.
2. To treat the disease.
So, preventive healthcare is considered ahead of curative aspect.
Many aspects such as oil pulling, regular oil massage, and selection of hot or cold water bath are explained in Ayurveda, which emphasizes the importance of preventive healthcare.
Set aside the aspects explained above, Ayurveda is a hardcore science of treating diseases. From the treatment of a simple fever to complicated cancers, Ayurveda books explain volumes and volumes of treatment options, surgeries, Panchakarma treatments, oral medicines, lifestyle changes, diet changes, home remedies and so on.
Sushruta is considered as father of Surgery even by Allopathic fraternity. He used to do surgery of cataract, kidney stones, rhinoplasty (cosmetic surgery of nose) etc. 2000 years ago.
In general, Ayurvedic treatment comprises of
- Panchakarma – 5 sets of detox programs
- Ayurvedic medicines
- Diet and lifestyle, to be followed, to avoid the disease as well as for quick relief from the disease.
- Rejuvenation program to gain back the original vigor and vitality.
This special section comprises of aphrodisiac treatment, geriatric treatment to have high quality sexual life and old-age life.
Even the pediatric rituals called Samskaras (rituals to be followed at different stages of child growth) and pregnancy care can also be included in this section.
This section is about how to enjoy the extra benefits of health to have a successful and wholesome life.